Autonomy, usage in architecture. (1) Disciplinary autonomy: ability of the discipline of architecture to account for its own disciplinary foundations (theoretical and practical). (2) Practitioner autonomy: autonomy of practicing architects to largely act (impose their will and designer intent) independently from outside forces and agents. (3) Formal autonomy: position on which the individuation of the built object can proceed independently from (consideration of) contextual features (cf. contextualism, usage 3). – Autonomy, usage in philosophy. (4) Usage in ethics: agent autonomy, similar to (2) except taken to pertain to agents in general, i.e. not confined to agents in the architectural profession; frequently employed as a proscription to not undermine other agent’s ability to act of their own free will or free consent (e.g. Kantian ethics), which requires agents to be suitably informed. (5) Usage in political philosophy: usage as in (4), except taken to apply not (only) to individual agents but collectives ranging from small scale communities and cities to full blown states.
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