Functionalism, usage in architecture: theoretic stance which makes a building’s envisaged function the ultimately deciding factor in how to design it, privileging considerations pertaining to function over those considered irrelevant (or secondary) to such considerations. Definitions of functionalism then range from (1) narrow, on which ’function’ means ’intended usage’ or ’program’, meaning the use to which a facility is put (e.g. non- vs. residential, hospital vs. prison, etc.) to (2) broad where ’function’ encompasses anything other than form (s.v. FORM), thus not only function(1) but also e.g. considerations pertaining to building material. – Functionalism, usage in philosophy: (3) broadly, any stance which defines a concept in terms of its (’functional role’, sc. its) relations to other concepts. More specifically, (4) functionalism in the philosophy of mind is a stance that defines mental states by recourse to their causal relations to input and output states; if these input and output states include environmental or contextual features that lie outside the mental agent’s own body, such functionalism is ’broad’, otherwise ’narrow’.
This is a private group. To join you must be a registered site member and request group membership.